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Queen City Marines “Down on the Farm”

 NCe

A Day of Volunteering

One of the newest chapters in the Women Marines Association Queen City, NC-4 located in the Charlotte, NC area has been very busy.

On 29 April they found themselves wielding a variety of new implements. From post hole diggers to shovels to drills they got the job done.

Shining Hope Farms provides services to children and adults with disabilities. Robin Briggs and Christie helped with various tasks such as digging holes for a new fence, landscaping, and building picnic tables. This event was through Charlotte Bridge Home.

Charlotte Bridge Home helps Charlotte-area Veterans successfully transition home after military service by identifying their education, employment and healthcare needs and connecting them to available community, state and federal resources.

About WMA NC-1 Queen City

“Our Charlotte Chapter is comprised of different generations of Women Marines. We host meetings, dinners, and volunteer opportunities on a regular basis. You can be as involved as you like. We welcome everyone”, states NC-1 President Robin Parks Briggs.

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Women Marines Association Area 1

The Building of WMA Area 1

The foundation of the Women Marines Association (WMA) are her members. Our chapters are the mainstay that keep our members always connected.

Area 1 consists of CT, ME, MA, NH, NY, RI, VT, Europe, Middle East and Quebec, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia, Canada. We are pleased to have Jamie DePaola as the area director. Within Area 1 we currently have 2 chapters.

CT-1 NUTMEG  CHAPTER. Located in the heart of CT the Nutmeg Chapter has found new purpose as they work to take care of our homeless women veterans.  To learn more about the chapter you can contact Jennifer Jackson the chapter president.
Chapter email: CT1@womenmarines.org

Area1 ct

Homes for the Brave CEO Vince Santilli, House Manager Karen Jackson along with our Women Marines Association members – Racquel Simeon, Jennifer Jackson, Nancy Chavez and Michelle Haiko Hill after we dropped off more than $700 worth of goods from the female shelter’s wishlist.

MA-1 BAY STATE     Located on the outskirts of Boston this chapter is working on revitalization. They are seeking new members who want to be active and enjoy the camaraderie of our sisterhood. Heidi Hurley is the chapter president. Drop her a note to get on their mail list.
chapter email: ma1@womenmarines.org

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Wonderful Chapter meeting for MA Baystate-1, The Proud Massachusetts Marine MoMs invited our WMA Chapter to a lovely luncheon.  Here we shared our history with them. March 2016

Area is currently working on building chapters in NY and CT. For more information you can contact Jamie DePaola  at AD1@womenmarines.org. Jamie would love to here from all of our Marine sisters in her area. Get on her mail list and she will assure you are aware of any events in your state. You can find Area 1 on Facebook.

WMA Chapter Map

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Col Julia E. Hamblet

Col Julia E. Hamblet 1916 – 2017

Judy obit pic 1

By Mary Ann Merritt

The Marine Corps is saddened by the loss of one of their iconic Marines. Called to her final duty station, Col Julia Hamblet will now guard the gates as she waits the arrival of our warriors. Her service changed the Corps as she fought to assure more women would advance and take their place equally in the Corps she loved.

Julia Estelle Hamblet was born May 12, 1916 in Winchester, Massachusetts to Martin and Marcia Coburn Hamblet. She was the youngest of 3 children and the only daughter.

After graduating from the Hartridge School in Plainfield, New Jersey she attended Vassar College and graduated in 1937 with a degree in economics. Col Hamblet continued her education getting a Master’s Degree from Ohio State University in 1950. She had actually traveled to England in 1946 intent on gaining her Master’s from the London School of Economics. A letter would soon change that part of her history.

Hamblet 1937 Vassar

Julia Hamblet  Vassar 1937

After graduating from Vassar she was employed by the United States Information Service.   Forgoing a job offer to Australia she decided to follow in the footsteps of her two brothers, one with the Army Psychological Warfare branch and the other as a Naval aviation ground officer, she wanted one member of the family to represent the Marines. She would later recall, “It was a time when everyone wanted to do what they could do for their country. I had been very fortunate in my life, and I just wanted to give back. I wanted to do what my country was asking me to do.” On 15 March 1943 she became among the first woman officer candidates in the Marine Corps Women Reserves. Training took place at Mount Holyoke College for six weeks where these women from all over learned basic military rules and regulations along with military courtesies. On completing the course, she was commissioned a first lieutenant in the Women’s Reserve, 4 May 1943. She was selected as adjutant to Colonel Katherine A. Towle (then a captain), at the Women’s Recruit Training Center at Hunter College in New York. Shortly afterwards she got her orders to Camp Lejeune, NC where she would oversee the women’s training battalion.  Col Hamblet was then transferred to Camp Pendleton where she was promoted to Captain and she worked as the Executive Officer of the Women Marine Reserve Company.  She assisted with the training other officer candidates in Quantico  between 1943 and 45. She served as the Director of the Marine Corps Women’s Reserve from 1946 to 1948 and as Director of Women Marines from 1953 to 1959, retired from active service, 1 May 1965, with the rank of Colonel. She was awarded the Legion of Merit upon retirement for “outstanding service as planner, administrator and leader of Women Marines throughout a distinguished career which encompassed every major assignment in the women’s program.  Continue Reading »

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A Friendship Remembered

Remembering Col Julia Hamblet

by Rhonda Amtower

 

Judy obit pic 1It is with a heavy heart but with much pride and respect I write these farewell words to honor the memory of Colonel Julia E. Hamblet.  I had the distinct honor and privilege in getting to know her the last couple of years as we both lived in Williamsburg, Virginia.

She was so humble as we spoke of her accomplishments and yet so excited and proud to hear of what the women of the Corps are doing today.  She still believed in being recognized as a “woman” Marine without taking away the distinction of us all serving as U.S. Marines.

We laughed as we recalled similar experiences like “junk on the bunk” inspections or not sleeping inside the sheets after being able to make the bed so taut that a quarter would bounce off of it.  Some things just never change.  We celebrated the Marine Corps birthday and the Anniversary of the Women’s Reserve with much fanfare and singing of the Marines Hymn.  She always managed a swift salute and a hearty Semper Fi!

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We spoke of WMA and she was so proud to be a member and to be recognized with having the Julia Hamblet Award being presented in her honor at the annual Marine Corps Heritage Foundation dinner. She loved all of the birthday and Christmas cards she received adding a special feeling in her heart knowing she was remembered by so many.  She was thrilled when I presented her one of our WMA throws which displays the WMA logo.  She used it often and appreciated not only the physical warmth it brought her but also the warmth of remembering what that WMA logo stood for.  Honor, Courage, Commitment, and the significance of having served as a woman Marine.

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We in WMA always talk about the importance of visiting with members who are elderly or infirmed to bring them caring support. I can attest firsthand the pleasure my visits brought her but I don’t know which of us appreciated the visits more as we shared memories of our time in the Corps.  It was awe inspiring to be in her presence and to know that we shared that unique bond of having served in our beloved Corps.

Here’s to you Colonel Hamblet, fellow Marine, mentor and yes special friend.  I will remember you always.  Thank you for allowing me to share such precious moments together and instilling in me an increased love of Corps and Country.  Semper Fidelis Marine!

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Looking Back – Women Marines: 25th Anniversary

Women Marines: 25th Anniversary

Silver Anniversary of the Women Marines First Day Issue Cards

reprinted from the Marine Corps Gazette Vol 52 Issue 2

Author:  Pat Meid

A time to reminisce but even more to look at a new generation of Women Marines making its own contributions, blazing new trails, and serving with distinction.

ALTHOUGH women traditionally tend to be chary and somewhat imprecise when it comes to acknowledging birthdays, an entirely different situation exists this year with Women Marines.

For on 13 February 1968 they are joining their Director, Col Barbara J. Bishop, and her staff, in observing the 25th anniversary of the Women’s Reserve established in 1943. Approximately a Marine division of American women enlisted within the next 16 months under the impelling wartime call, “Free A Marine To Fight.” Continue Reading »

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WWII Camp Lejeune Training

Marine Corps Women Reserves Training Camp Lejeune

FREE A MARINE TO FIGHT: Women Marines in World War II
by Colonel Mary V Stremlow, USMCR (Ret)


 

Planners originally thought to use existing Navy resources and facilities for all MCWR recruiting and training, but Marines soon saw the advantage of having their own schools. It wasn’t only that Mount Holyoke and Hunter Colleges were overcrowded and stretched beyond reasonable limits by the number of women arriving every week. There was a larger motive for moving MCWR schools to Camp Lejeune and, simply, it was the famed Marine esprit de corps.Camp Lejeune, where thousands of Marines were preparing for deployment overseas was the largest Marine training base on the East Coast and offered sobering opportunities for the women to observe field exercises and weapons demonstrations, and to see the faces of the young men they would free to fight.

Major Hurst, commanding officer of the Marine Detachment at Mount Holyoke, understood almost immediately the drawbacks of trying to indoctrinate and train Marines in such patently civilian surroundings as a college campus. Less than a month after training began he wrote Brigadier General Waller:

In drawing these up [training schedules], I found myself wishing more and more that we could include some weapons instructions, at least pistol, for our women . . . . I have found that the women come into the Marine Corps expecting to learn to shoot and I, of course, would like to see them become the first women’s reserve in the country to take up the specialty of their men if Headquarters considers the idea at all feasible. I wouldn’t have had the nerve to suggest it if Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt hadn’t asked me on her visit last week how soon they were going to learn to shoot. She expressed surprise at learning that the women of the U.S. were not learning as much about weapons as the women of other countries . . . .

Nearly a half century later, the retired 23d Commandant of the Marine Corps, General Wallace M. Greene, Jr., expressed a like sentiment when he wrote in 1990:

I commenced to realize the meaning of sexism in the armed forces while I was a Marine Corps observer with the British army during the Battle for Britain. During a night bombing raid against London, I watched the women gunners in an antiaircraft battery battle the incoming German planes. I suddenly asked myself, “Why aren’t our women — able, loyal, and patriotic as they are — permitted to participate in this fashion?”

The Marine Corps Women’s Reserve Schools — officer candidate and boot training along with certain specialist schools — opened in July 1943 under the command of Colonel John M. Arthur. Officer candidates and recruits in training at Mount Holyoke and Hunter Colleges were transferred to Camp Lejeune, New River, North Carolina, where nearly 19,000 women became Marines during World War II.

Women's Reserve Schools headquarters
The headquarters of the Women’s Reserve Schools at Camp Lejeune supervised the recruit training of more than 18,000 women during the course of World War II. Photo courtesy of Mary R. Rich

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Discipline of WR’s in the 40’s

FREE A MARINE TO FIGHT: Women Marines in World War II
by Colonel Mary V Stremlow, USMCR (Ret)


 

Discipline of WR’s in the 40’s

As early as November 1942, Headquarters wisely considered a disciplinary plan for the Women’s Reserve. The other services were no help since the WAACs still served with the Army but were not part of it and the Navy had no predetermined policy except to say they would treat problems according to principles generally used for men with whatever modifications might be necessary for special instances such as sex offenses.

Not knowing what to expect and unwilling to leave it to chance, Marines wisely established discipline policies for Women Reservists:

1. Distinctions between officers and enlisted personnel would, in general, be the same as made between officers and enlisted men of the regular Marine Corps.

2. Officers would exercise normal disciplinary functions and MCWR officers would have similar responsibility when they attained appropriate rank and command.

3. Establishment of brigs or post prisons for the confinement of women was not contemplated, but confinement to quarters was deemed appropriate.

4. Exclusive of sentences involving confinement, punishment would be awarded as it was for officers and men of the regular Marine Corps.

5. Trial by court-martial would be recommended only in serious cases, particularly when confinement seemed a possibility.

6. For offenses not warranting trial, separation from service would be by the most expeditious means in accordance with policies applicable to men.

Little time was wasted on female offenders, and fortunately, there were relatively few problems. Because of their communal, intense desire to be accepted by Marines and approved by the general public, women Marines were their own severest critics and peer pressure to walk a tight line proved very effective. The records show only 36 enlisted women separated out of the total of 18,000 as a result of general and summary courts-martial. When officers resigned to escape a general court martial, their discharge was “under other than honorable conditions.”

Unauthorized absences — usually less than 10 days — accounted for the most common infractions; violations of regulations (uniform, fraternization, etc.) followed. Unlike earlier policies governing female military nurses, marriage was a cause for neither discharge nor punishment, and pregnancy was considered a medical rather than disciplinary case.

Much as with the men, punishment included confinement to quarters, loss of pay, reduction in rank, extra police duties, and in extreme cases, disciplinary discharges. However, the severity of punishment meted out to men and women accused of sex offenses differed markedly and the female officers balked at the harsh treatment of WRs in these instances.

Marines are the acknowledged masters in matters of discipline and morale, but there was no history to help them bridge the gender gap when the women landed. These women were not pliant teenagers, but rather adults, all 20 years old or older. Some were married, some had children, and a few had grandchildren. Since it was a time when females were expected to adhere to near-Victorian standards, military leaders assumed a paternalistic attitude and the inevitable occurred — grown, mature women were often treated like school girls. The senior women officers, many with roots in academia, were often more guilty than the men.

A galling but unchallenged rule was that women on board a base, unlike men of equal rank, could not have an automobile. It added to the allure of assignment to the motor pool that the drivers of trucks, jeeps, and buses were more mobile than their sisters.

Irene and Madelene Spencer
Twin sisters Irene and Madelene Spencer toured New England with the War Bond drive show, “Direct Hit,” which starred boxing champion Jack Dempsey, who was a Coast Guard officer, cowboy star Gene Autry, and comedian Frank Fontaine. Photo courtesy of Irene and Madelene Spencer

Luckily, Colonel Streeter was able to balance high standards of behavior with an earthy understanding of human nature and she seemed to know just when to tighten the reins and when to turn her head. She was pragmatic about discreet instances of fraternization and she recognized that when dealing with men and women, some things could not be strictly regulated. She was a gifted leader who subscribed to the theory that “. . . the most able commanders, be they men or women, are those who take care of their people and who keep them out of trouble by anticipating the problems that may confront them.”

She expected women officers, regardless of their assignment, to share responsibility for the morale and welfare of enlisted women and this policy was sacred until separate women’s units were abolished in the 1970s. Colonel Streeter was rightfully proud that the Women’s Reserve organized a recreation and education service long before the Special Services Division was formed, and she credited it with the high morale of the women Marines. Yet, in the end, it was her own good sense, concern for her women, pride in the Marine Corps, and determination that sustained the wartime WRs.

Women Marines on bond tour
Following the devastation visited upon the carrier Franklin in operations off Japan, as seen in the picture held by these Women Marines, they were sent on a bond tour in 1945, which took them to Dallas, Texas, where this picture was taken. Photo courtesy of Evelyn Wallman Gins

Excerpted from the Book:  FREE A MARINE TO FIGHT: Women Marines in World War II
by Colonel Mary V Stremlow, USMCR (Ret)